Asia-Pacific Countries – Death Penalty Status, Population, etc

ASIA-PACIFIC COUNTRIES – Death Penalty Abolition Status

ASIA

Eastern Asia

              China (1,367,820,000) **

China, Hong Kong SAR (7,298,600)**

China, Macao SAR (644.900)

China Tibet (3,002,000)   

              

               Japan (126,920,000) **

               Korea (North) (25,000,000 )

Korea (South) (50,800,000 ) **

Mongolia (3,061,000 )**

Taiwan (23,526,000 ) ** 

 

Northern Asia

 

Russian Federation (146,544,000)

 

South-Central Asia

 

Afghanistan (26,556,000 )  **         

               Bangladesh (158,226,710 )  **        

Bhutan (760,000)

India (1,326,000,000) **   

               Iran (78,226,000)         

Kazakhstan (17,713,300 )

Kyrgyzstan (5,895,000 )

Maldives (341,000)                       

Nepal    (31,000,000)   **

Pakistan (188,144,000 ) **

Sri Lanka (21,203,000 )  **

Tajikistan (8,352,000 )

Turkmenistan     (5,400,000 )

Uzbekistan          (31,000,000 )

 

South-East Asia

 

Brunei Darussalam * (417,200 )                

Cambodia * (14,676,591)

Indonesia * (258,705,000)     **      

Lao PDR * (7,000,000)

Malaysia * (31,660,000)     **          

Myanmar (Burma) * (51,419,000)

Philippines * (100,981,000)    **     

  Singapore * (5,535,000)    **           

               Thailand * (67,959,000)     **          

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Vietnam * (90,730,000)  **             

 

Western Asia and Middle East

 

Armenia (3,000,000)

Azerbaijan (9,705,600)

Bahrain (1,234,000 )      

Cyprus (848,300)

Georgia (3,729,000)

Iraq (36,000,000 )           

Israel (8,522,000 )

Jordan (6,297,000)        

               Kuwait (3,695,000 )       

               Lebanon (4,460,000 )    

               Oman    (4,469,500 )       

               Palestinian territories (4,293,000 )           

               Qatar (2,597,000 )          

               Saudi Arabia (31,770,000 )          

               Syria (24,044,000 )         

Turkey (78,741,000)

United Arab Emirates (8,264,070 )

               Yemen (26,000,000 )      

 

PACIFIC

Australia (23,792,000)    **

Papua New Guinea (8,219,000)   **

New Zealand (4,579,000)**

Fiji (867,000)

Solomon Islands (587,000)

Vanuatu (278,000)

New Caledonia (France) [273,000]

French Polynesia (France) [273,000]

Samoa (193,000)

Guam (US) (162,000)       

Kiribati (113,000)

Tonga (104,000)  **

Federated States of Micronesia (103,000)

Marshall Islands (55,000)

American Samoa (US) [55,000]   

Northern Mariana Islands (US) [47,000]   

Palau [17,000]

Cook Islands (NZ) [15,000]

Wallis and Futuna (France) [12,000]

Tuvalu   [11,000]

Nauru [10,000 ]

Norfolk Island (Australia) [3,000]

Niue (NZ) [2,000]

Tokelau (NZ) [1,000]

Pitcairn Islands (UK) [60]

 

Key:-

RED BOLD – Retentionist Countries

BLUE  – Abolitionist Countries in Practice – RISK of return of DP

GOLD – US is a Retentionist Country – as such the status here is questionable?

 

 

KEY POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS IN ASIA –PACIFIC

1985      AUSTRALIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1989      CAMBODIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1993      HONG KONG abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1997      NEPAL abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1999      EAST TIMOR, TURKMENISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2002      TURKEY abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. CYPRUS abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2003      ARMENIA abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes

2004      BHUTAN, SAMOA and TURKEY abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2006      PHILIPPINES abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2007      KYRGYZSTAN abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes.

2008      UZBEKISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2015      FIJI abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2016      NAURU abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1 July 2017 MONGOLIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

 

*may not be comprehensive, some positive developments may have inadvertently left out

See also earlier post about information about Asia-Pacific countries that are abolitionist in law, abolitionist in practice and retentionist countries –

 

Malaysia National Conference – “Abolition of the Death Penalty in Malaysia and in Asia”(21-22 July 2017) – Part 2

 

“Abolition of the Death Penalty in Malaysia and in Asia”

Malaysia National Conference and Training Workshop

KL & Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

21 – 22 July 2017

Session 8: Towards Abolition of Death Penalty in Malaysia(1)

To discuss and consider the efforts, strategies, obstacles and success of the different stakeholders on abolition

Facilitator:- Wu Jiazhen

session 7 aboliDPe

Speaker:-

  • Kasthuri Patto (Secretary of the Parliamentarians for Global Action (PGA) National Group)
  • Amer Izyanif, Head of Law Reform Division, SUHAKAM
  • Masjaliza Hamzah– (Journalist)
  • Haridas, Aliran
  • Representative from Death Row Inmate Family Support Group

 

Session 9: Conditions of Detention in Malaysia

To provide an overview of the conditions of detention in Malaysia and a discussion on specific cases as well as methods to gain access

Facilitator:- Shamini Darshni

Speakers: –

Lim Chi Chao (Malaysian Bar)

Simon Karunagaram (SUHAKAM)

 

session 8 detention

DAY 2

Session 10 : Poverty, Crime and the Death Penalty – an Indian experience

To discuss the social aspects of the death penalty and to provide understanding on how the poor are often times the ones subjected to capital offences and how poverty resorts to unequal justice

Facilitator: Ted Tan

Speaker:-Mr. Himanshu Agarwal(Associate, Centre on the Death Penalty, National Law University Delhi ) –

session 9 poverty

Session 11: Towards Abolition of Death Penalty in Malaysia (2)

  1. Ngeow Chow Ying, KL and Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall (KLSCAH) Civil Rights Committee
  2. Andrew Khoo (Public Opinion Survey in Malaysia done by the Death Penalty Project and the Malaysian Bar
  3. Representatives from Prison Counselling Group

session 10 abolition

Session 12: Lobbying the World for the abolition of Death Penalty in Malaysia – UPR and UN Mechanisms

Speaker:-

Facilitator: Charles Hector

Speakers:-

  • Jennifer Jokstad (United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commisioner/OCHR) – (UPR and other available UN mechanisms, Special Rapporteurs, CEDAW, CRC..
  • Yap Swee Seng, Former Executive Director, FORUM-ASIA – International Lobbying Group working at the UN)

session 9b upr

Session 11: Mental Health and the Death Penalty

Facilitator:-  Arshad

Speakers: Julian McMahon(Barrister, President, Reprieve Australia

 

Training by Amy Bergquist

 

Session 7: SMART Exercise

Right to Communicate with the Outside World

Training on Conducting Fact Finding Mission

session amy

“Abolition of the Death Penalty in Malaysia and in Asia” Malaysia National Conference (21-22 July 2017) – Day 1

“Abolition of the Death Penalty in Malaysia and in Asia”

Malaysia National Conference and Training Workshop

KL & Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

21 – 22 July 2017

Opening

Welcome Address by Charles Hector (ADPAN)

Welcome Address by Raphaël Chenuil-Hazan, Executive Director, Ensemble Contre La Peine de Mort (ECPM) ECPM(3 min)

Keynote Address by Tan Sri Razali Ismail (Chairperson of the Malaysian Human Rights Commission (SUHAKAM)

 

Session 1: Death Penalty in Asia – An Overview

Facilitator – Arthur Wilson

Speaker:- Julian McMahon (President, Reprieve Australia – ADPAN Member)

session 1 overview asia

Session 2:- Death Penalty in Malaysia – An Overview

Facilitator :- Ngeow Chow Ying

Speaker:- Andrew Khoo (Malaysian Bar)

session 2 malaysia overview

Session 3: Catholic Church and Death Penalty in Malaysia

 Facilitator: Mr Francis Pereira

Speaker:- Rev Fr Gregory Chan (Catholic Church)

session 3 catholic church and DP

Session 4: Death Penalty and the ‘Best Interest of the Child’ and Family

To discusses the impact of death penalty on family especially children, as well as the inconsistency with the UN Child Rights Convention and other standards

Facilitator: Rachel Zeng

Speakers:-

1-James Nayagam (Child Rights Activist, and Former HR Commissioner)

2- Kasthuri A/P Krishnan (Association of Women Lawyers)

session 4 childrightsbsession 4 child rightsa

Session 5: Death Penalty – Migrants  and Foreign Nationals

To discuss the various issues surrounding foreign nationals in facing death penalty, from arrest to conviction and beyond

 

Facilitator – Puri Kencana Putri

Speakers:-

M Ramachelvam  (Chairman of the Bar Council’s Migrants, Refugees and Immigration Affairs Committee)

Wilnor Papa (Amnesty International Philippines)

 

Session 6: Death Penalty & ‘Secret’ Executions

To discuss the recent executions in Malaysia, its secrecy and the last minute information of executions preventing effective intervention

Facilitator:- Altantuya Batdorj

Speaker:- Shamini Darshni (Amnesty International Malaysia)

 

  • More of Day 1 and Day 2 of this national conference that was attended by over 100 participants will be in our next postings.
  • We also hope to share the various presentations in this Website