Anti-Death Penalty Asia Network

Japan :- UPR outcome on Death Penalty

ADPAN also made a submission for the UPR Review of Japan. Below are but some extracts from the outcome that demonstrates Japan’s position. To see the full list of documents related to Universal Periodic Review – Japan, follow the link .

Japan’s position on the issue of the death penalty is that this should be examined based on domestic public opinion. The majority of the Japanese people consider the death penalty to be unavoidable in the case of extremely heinous crimes and therefore Japan currently does not have any plans to establish a forum to discuss the death penalty system.

We provide support to victims and their families appropriately, regardless of whether or not a moratorium is introduced.

In Japan, the right to appeal is broadly recognized under the three-tier-trial system. Considering that many appeals have actually been made in death penalty cases and there is a problem to impose a burden of appealing on those who do not intend to appeal, Japan believes we should not introduce a system of mandatory appeal in cases where the death penalty has been handed down.

In Japan, a defendant has the right to appeal and the death penalty would not be carried out until the sentence becomes final and binding. We carefully take into account elements such as the absence of grounds for retrial, and only if these conditions are met, the order for execution will be placed. If we introduce a system of guaranteeing the suspension of the sentence for retrial, it will be inappropriate because as long as the inmate sentenced to death repeats the action for retrial, we will never be able to execute the sentence.



JAPAN – World’s longest-serving death row inmate Iwao Hakamada

National / Crime & Legal

Story of Iwao Hakamada, boxer who spent 48 years on death row, to become manga series

by Magdalena Osumi and Masumi Koizumi

Staff Writers

The story of Iwao Hakamada, a former professional boxer and death-row inmate, 82, who continues to battle to clear his name over a 1966 quadruple murder, will be adapted into a manga series, supporters of the convict announced Wednesday.

Hakamada was sentenced to hang in 1968 by the Shizuoka District Court, but was freed in March 2014 after nearly 48 years in prison on death row. Much of that time was spent awaiting his retrial, which has yet to be held.

But a group of Hakamada’s supporters who believe the former boxer is innocent want to retell the events in his case in the form of a manga, to convey his side of the story to younger generations.

To better portray the atmosphere and circumstances surrounding Hakamada’s arrest and his trial, the supporters are working with a manga artist from Shizuoka Prefecture.

Shigemi Mori, 30, who shares Hakamada’s experience as a professional boxer, will create the series. In his younger years Mori lived in Shimizu, an area that is now part of the city of Shizuoka and is also where the 1966 murder occurred.

“I want to tell people how sloppily the investigation was conducted and what Hakamada’s life has been like, in as understandable a way as possible,” Mori said Wednesday at a news conference in Tokyo.

He said he learned about Hakamada’s case as a junior high school student and then-aspiring boxing apprentice, and started questioning the trial that put Hakamada behind bars.

Mori said he believes Hakamada is innocent. Nonetheless, he also said that he is keen to not “coerce readers to accept the supporters’ opinions, and to convey what really happened around Hakamada.”

The manga will be released in six episodes under the title “Split Decision,” with the first episode scheduled for publication on Feb. 15. Eight-page episodes will be published at on the same day of every month.

Those behind the project also plan to translate the series into English and make it available via YouTube to reach a global audience. “I like the title,” Hakamada’s elder sister Hideko said at the news conference. Conceived by Mori, the title is a winning criterion used in boxing matches in which two of three judges pick a different winner than the third judge.

The title also reflects supporters’ criticism of the “unfair” decision in which Hakamada was sentenced to death by a 2:1 majority. The courts’ decisions were split over DNA tests on bloodstained clothing found near the murder victims.

“I promised to do everything I can (to prove Iwao’s innocence) and I did,” Hideko said. She lamented, however, that her efforts to convey her plea have gone unheard.

“It won’t help anything if I tell his story, so I want to convey it through manga,” Hideko said.

Hakamada was a live-in employee at a soybean processing firm in Shizuoka when he was arrested in August 1966 for robbery and the murder of the firm’s senior managing director, his wife and two children. The police found their bodies with fatal stab wounds at their fire-damaged home.

Hakamada initially confessed to the charges, but changed his plea at trial.

The Shizuoka District Court found Hakamada guilty and sentenced him to death in 1968. The sentence was finalized by the Supreme Court in 1980.

Hakamada and his family have long sought retrials, to no avail. But a new development came in 2014 when the district court accepted DNA test results undermining the prosecution’s claim that Hakamada’s blood had been detected on clothing found at the crime scene. The court noted that the evidence could have been fabricated by police.

Then, last June, the Tokyo High Court overturned the lower court’s ruling granting the retrial, questioning the credibility of the DNA analysis method. Hakamada’s lawyers are planning to appeal that decision to the Supreme Court.

Hakamada’s case has gained international attention as the former boxer remains the world’s longest-serving death row inmate.

Japan’s capital punishment system has also been criticized internationally as inhumane.

Hideaki Nakagawa, director of human rights advocacy group Amnesty International Japan, who was present at the news conference, believes the manga will and should spark debate regarding capital punishment among the public.

As of January, 110 inmates were awaiting execution and 86 of them are seeking retrials, according to the Justice Ministry.

“The Justice Ministry says the death penalty system reflects public opinion and enjoys support from the public, but it’s misleading,” he said. “Some people already protest against it … and (the manga) could be thought-provoking for others, too, and could impact public perception.” – Japan Times, 23/1/2019

Japan hangs 2 inmates, matching highest-ever year’s total of 15

Japan hangs 2 inmates, matching highest-ever year’s total of 15

KYODO NEWS KYODO NEWS – Dec 27, 2018 – 19:05 | All, Japan

Japan executed two death-row inmates Thursday, the Justice Ministry said, bringing the number of executions in the country this year to 15, matching the highest-ever figure marked in 2008 since the government resumed the death penalty in 1993.

The two were 60-year-old Keizo Okamoto, a former senior member of a crime syndicate, and 67-year-old Hiroya Suemori, a former investment adviser. They were sentenced to death for the murder-robbery of the president and an employee of an investment advisory company in 1988.

“It was an extremely cruel case in which they robbed the victims of their precious lives for selfish reasons. (The executions) were the result of numerous careful considerations,” said Justice Minister Takashi Yamashita, adding he signed an execution order on Tuesday.

Yamashita also said he believes abolishing the death penalty is “inappropriate.”

The hanging of the two in Osaka in the morning brought the number of executions under the government of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who took office in 2012, to 36.

The executions were the first since July, when AUM Shinrikyo cult guru Shoko Asahara and 12 former members of the cult were executed over a two-day period.

With the executions of the two, the number of inmates under sentence of death stands at 109 in Japan.

Japan’s system of capital punishment has drawn international criticism, although some polls suggest the majority of the Japanese public support it. The Japan Federation of Bar Associations has called for it to be abolished by 2020, demanding instead lifetime imprisonment without parole.

Human rights group Amnesty International Japan expressed its concern that the country “may have started treading a path toward mass executions,” citing that the latest executions were only five months after the punishments on the 13 AUM members.

It also said in a statement that “the Japanese government seems to be acting completely against the global movement” toward abolishing capital punishments after the U.N. General Assembly adopted this month a resolution calling for a moratorium on the death penalty, with a record-high 121 countries supporting it.

Yamashita said the government has carefully considered the gravity of each case, denying a view it is speeding up executions before finding it difficult to carry out the death penalty next year amid the enthronement of a new emperor as well as the Tokyo Olympics.

(Osaka detention center)

Thursday’s executions came on the heels of the establishment earlier this month of a lawmakers’ group to discuss the future of Japan’s death penalty system, with more than 50 lawmakers from ruling and opposition parties taking part.

A 2014 government survey revealed that 80.3 percent of Japanese people aged 20 or older favored capital punishment, down from a record 85.6 percent in the previous survey in 2009. A total of 9.7 percent said the death penalty should be abolished, up 4 points.

Dec 27, 2018 | KYODO NEWS

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