Palestine – Court of Appeal in Gaza Strip on 12/7/2017 approves death sentence issued against four citizens

15/7/2017 – A statement Issued by Human Rights and Democracy Media Center ‘SHAMS”

On ratifying death penalty upon four citizens within two days by the Military Court and the Court of Appeal.

 

“SHAMS” strongly condemns the sentence issued by the Court of Appeal in Gaza Strip on 12/7/2017 to approve death sentence issued against four citizens. The Court of Appeal approved the decision issued by the Court of First Instance on inflicting death penalty upon (A/M) accused of murdering the citizen Ilham Mohammed Sehwail (33) years old on December 9th 2015. Also, the Court of Appeal issued a sentence to support the judgment of the Court of First Instance to inflict death penalty upon the citizen Nahla Abu Anza, accused of murdering her husband Riyadh Abu Anza on January 28th of 2016.

 

Moreover, High Military Court affiliated with Military Judiciary Entity in Gaza Strip issued two death sentences upon citizens accused of espionage with the Israeli occupation. Military Court approved death by handing upon the citizen (M/D) who was born in 1985 married and living in Nuseirat in the middle of Gaza Strip because of betrayal. High Military Court approved a sentence of death by handing issued against the citizen (A/Q). Who was born in 1964, married and living in Rafah to the north of Gaza Strip accused of betrayal.

 

“SHAMS” center assures its support and solidarity with families and parents of victims. It clarifies that calling for abolition of the death sentence against perpetrators in serious crimes doesn’t indicate tolerating them, but replacing the death sentence with other punishment to respect individuals’ humanity and dignity. The capital punishment represents the cruelest form of intentional murder. It is irreversible, the risk of executing an innocent person can never be eliminated. While people who were sent to death row have later been exonerated sometimes.

 

“SHAMS” center puts emphasis on respecting the efforts and approaches of the Palestinian leaders aiming to accede human rights conventions which guarantee the right to life. The center appeals to the Palestinian National Authority PNA to sign the Second Optional Protocol of 1989, annexed to the International Convenant on political and Civil Rights, on the abolition of death penalty. Moreover, the center appeals to the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas so as not to ratify death sentences, and to use his constitutional powers to abolish death penalty from the Palestinian legislations.

 

“END”

 

 

 

15/7/2017

بيان للنشر الفوري صادر عن مركز إعلام حقوق الإنسان والديمقراطية “شمس”

حول تأييد المحكمة العسكرية ومحكمة الاستئناف الحكم بالإعدام بحق أربعة مواطنين

يدين مركز “شمس” بشدة الحكم الذي أصدرته محكمة الاستئناف بغزة  يوم الأربعاء 12/7/2017 والقاضي بتأييد حكم الإعدام الصادر بحق أربعة مواطنين ، فقد أيدت محكمة الاستئناف بغزة الحكم الصادر عن محكمة البداية والقاضي بحكم الإعدام على (ا/م) المتهم بقتل المواطنة إلهام محمد سحويل (33 سنة) بتاريخ 9/11/2015 ، كما أصدرت محكمة الاستئناف بغزة حكمها المؤيد لمحكمة البداية بغزة القاضي بحكم الإعدام على المواطنة نهلة أبو عنزة المتهمة بقتل زوجها رياض حلمي أبو عنزة بتاريخ 28/1/2016.

كما أيدت المحكمة العسكرية العليا التابعة لهيئة القضاء العسكري بغزة، صباح الخميس13/7/2017 ، حكمين بالإعدام على مواطنين بتهمة التخابر مع الاحتلال ، فقد أيدت المحكمة العسكرية الحكم بالإعدام بحق المواطن (م.د) شنقاً حتى الموت ، مدني من مواليد عام 1985م، متزوج ومن سكان النصيرات وسط قطاع غزة لاتهامه بالخيانة .كما أيدت المحكمة العسكرية العليا حكماً على المواطن (ع.ق) بالإعدام شنقاً حتى الموت.وصدر الحكم على المواطن (ع.ق) من مواليد عام 1964م، متزوج ومن سكان مدينة رفح جنوب قطاع غزة لاتهامه بالخيانة .

 

يؤكد مركز “شمس” على وقوفه إلى جانب اسر الضحايا والعائلات الثكلى وتضامنه التام معهم، كما ويؤكد أن مطالبته بإلغاء عقوبة الإعدام بحق الجناة لا يعني بأي حال من الأحوال أنه يدعو للتسامح مع المدانين بجرائم خطيرة، ولكنه يطالب باستبدال عقوبة الإعدام في عقوبة أخرى رادعة تحترم إنسانية الإنسان وكرامته في نفس الوقت. فعقوبة الإعدام أبشع أشكال القتل المتعمد. كما أنها عقوبة قاسية وفظة ولا تحقق الأهداف التي تسعى إليها الدولة من العقاب،كما أنها العقوبة الوحيدة التي لا يمكن التراجع عنها في حال تنفيذها. إذا ما أتضح براءة من نفذت فيه.

 

يدعو مركز “شمس” إلى ضرورة احترام توجهات القيادة الفلسطينية الرامية إلى الانضمام إلى مزيد من اتفاقيات حقوق الإنسان التي تكفل الحق في الحياة ، كما ويدعو المركز السلطة الوطنية  الفلسطينية إلى ضرورة التوقيع على البروتوكول الثاني لسنة 1989 الملحق بالعهد الدولي للحقوق المدنية والسياسية  والخاص بإلغاء عقوبة الإعدام،كما يدعو الرئيس محمود عباس “أبو مازن ” إلى عدم التصديق على أحكام الإعدام. وإلى ضرورة استخدام صلاحياته الدستورية للقيام بكل ما يلزم لإلغاء عقوبة الإعدام من التشريعات الفلسطينية.

“انتهى”

Palestine – Hamas authorities executes three in Gaza

Hamas executes three in Gaza, drawing UN condemnation

Hamas authorities in the Gaza Strip executed three Palestinian men for murder on Tuesday, the attorney general said, drawing condemnation from the United Nations.

The three, who were not named and whose cases were unrelated, were put to death by firing squad behind closed doors, security sources said.

The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) said, however, that two of them were hanged and the third was shot.

Members of Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas' security forces patrol an area along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt in April 2016 in Rafah

Members of Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas’ security forces patrol an area along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt in April 2016 in Rafah ©Said Khatib (AFP/File)

“To achieve public deterrence and curb crime, the competent authorities carried out at dawn on Tuesday, May 31, 2016 execution rulings against three of those convicted of shocking murders,” a statement from the attorney general said.

Rupert Colville, spokesman for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, condemned the executions which he said occurred “despite serious and widespread concerns that international fair trial standards were not respected”.

The European Union, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International all also condemned the killings.

In theory, all execution orders in the Palestinian territories must be approved by president Mahmud Abbas, who is based in the occupied West Bank.

But Hamas, the militant Islamist group that runs Gaza, no longer recognises his legitimacy, and Gaza attorney general Ismail Jaber recently announced that the authorities there would carry out the executions without Abbas’s backing.

Hamas and Abbas’s Palestinian Authority agreed a unity deal in April 2014 which was supposed to lead to a joint technocratic government, but the accord was never fully implemented and they remain at loggerheads.

The UN statement said that the failure to get Abbas’s backing for the executions was a breach of Palestinian law.

Sari Bashi, Israel and Palestine director at HRW, said Hamas authorities had been under pressure to act because of perceptions of increased crime in Gaza, including a number of grisly murders of civilians.

“This is an attempt by the government to show they are doing something,” she told AFP, “but killing criminals is not going to decrease crime.”

“These people were convicted in a judicial system where torture and coercion are common,” she added.

The attorney general said the three had been given a fair trial.

– ‘Example to others’ –

Jaber had initially said he wanted executions to be carried out in public, and it was unclear if this would happen in the future.

At the time of the attorney general’s announcement last week, 13 men, most convicted of murder connected to robberies, were awaiting execution.

The last public executions in Gaza were during the 2014 war with Israel when a firing squad from Hamas’s armed wing shot dead six alleged collaborators with Israel.

They were executed in front of Gaza City’s main mosque following prayers.

Mkhaimar Abusada, professor of political science at Gaza’s Al-Azhar University, said the reintroduction of the death penalty would be popular in the Palestinian enclave.

“Gaza is very much a tribal society, meaning people believe in revenge for tribal or familial reasons,” he told AFP.

“In order to avoid people taking the law into their own hands the best (route) is through government or the judicial system.”

On the streets of Gaza, which has been blockaded by Israel for 10 years and has an unemployment rate of almost 45 percent, opinion about the executions was mixed.

“Whoever kills people should be killed as an example to others,” said Nahed al-Luh, in his 60s.

But Amin Abed, 25, called the executions “illegal” because “Hamas didn’t deal with the Palestinian Authority and the president didn’t ratify the verdicts”.

According to the PCHR, nine death sentences were passed in Gaza in 2015 and two in the West Bank, run by the Palestinian Authority (PA).

So far this year, around 10 more people have been sentenced to death in Gaza.

Palestinian law allows the death penalty for collaborators, murderers and drug traffickers.

Of the more than 170 Palestinians sentenced to death since the PA’s creation in 1994, around 30 have been executed, mostly in Gaza, the PCHR says. – Daily Mail, 31/5/2016