Anti-Death Penalty Asia Network

JAPAN – World’s longest-serving death row inmate Iwao Hakamada

National / Crime & Legal

Story of Iwao Hakamada, boxer who spent 48 years on death row, to become manga series

by Magdalena Osumi and Masumi Koizumi

Staff Writers

The story of Iwao Hakamada, a former professional boxer and death-row inmate, 82, who continues to battle to clear his name over a 1966 quadruple murder, will be adapted into a manga series, supporters of the convict announced Wednesday.

Hakamada was sentenced to hang in 1968 by the Shizuoka District Court, but was freed in March 2014 after nearly 48 years in prison on death row. Much of that time was spent awaiting his retrial, which has yet to be held.

But a group of Hakamada’s supporters who believe the former boxer is innocent want to retell the events in his case in the form of a manga, to convey his side of the story to younger generations.

To better portray the atmosphere and circumstances surrounding Hakamada’s arrest and his trial, the supporters are working with a manga artist from Shizuoka Prefecture.

Shigemi Mori, 30, who shares Hakamada’s experience as a professional boxer, will create the series. In his younger years Mori lived in Shimizu, an area that is now part of the city of Shizuoka and is also where the 1966 murder occurred.

“I want to tell people how sloppily the investigation was conducted and what Hakamada’s life has been like, in as understandable a way as possible,” Mori said Wednesday at a news conference in Tokyo.

He said he learned about Hakamada’s case as a junior high school student and then-aspiring boxing apprentice, and started questioning the trial that put Hakamada behind bars.

Mori said he believes Hakamada is innocent. Nonetheless, he also said that he is keen to not “coerce readers to accept the supporters’ opinions, and to convey what really happened around Hakamada.”

The manga will be released in six episodes under the title “Split Decision,” with the first episode scheduled for publication on Feb. 15. Eight-page episodes will be published at on the same day of every month.

Those behind the project also plan to translate the series into English and make it available via YouTube to reach a global audience. “I like the title,” Hakamada’s elder sister Hideko said at the news conference. Conceived by Mori, the title is a winning criterion used in boxing matches in which two of three judges pick a different winner than the third judge.

The title also reflects supporters’ criticism of the “unfair” decision in which Hakamada was sentenced to death by a 2:1 majority. The courts’ decisions were split over DNA tests on bloodstained clothing found near the murder victims.

“I promised to do everything I can (to prove Iwao’s innocence) and I did,” Hideko said. She lamented, however, that her efforts to convey her plea have gone unheard.

“It won’t help anything if I tell his story, so I want to convey it through manga,” Hideko said.

Hakamada was a live-in employee at a soybean processing firm in Shizuoka when he was arrested in August 1966 for robbery and the murder of the firm’s senior managing director, his wife and two children. The police found their bodies with fatal stab wounds at their fire-damaged home.

Hakamada initially confessed to the charges, but changed his plea at trial.

The Shizuoka District Court found Hakamada guilty and sentenced him to death in 1968. The sentence was finalized by the Supreme Court in 1980.

Hakamada and his family have long sought retrials, to no avail. But a new development came in 2014 when the district court accepted DNA test results undermining the prosecution’s claim that Hakamada’s blood had been detected on clothing found at the crime scene. The court noted that the evidence could have been fabricated by police.

Then, last June, the Tokyo High Court overturned the lower court’s ruling granting the retrial, questioning the credibility of the DNA analysis method. Hakamada’s lawyers are planning to appeal that decision to the Supreme Court.

Hakamada’s case has gained international attention as the former boxer remains the world’s longest-serving death row inmate.

Japan’s capital punishment system has also been criticized internationally as inhumane.

Hideaki Nakagawa, director of human rights advocacy group Amnesty International Japan, who was present at the news conference, believes the manga will and should spark debate regarding capital punishment among the public.

As of January, 110 inmates were awaiting execution and 86 of them are seeking retrials, according to the Justice Ministry.

“The Justice Ministry says the death penalty system reflects public opinion and enjoys support from the public, but it’s misleading,” he said. “Some people already protest against it … and (the manga) could be thought-provoking for others, too, and could impact public perception.” – Japan Times, 23/1/2019

Malaysia and Pakistan supports 2018 UNGA Resolution on Moratorium on Executions pending Abolition of Death Penalty

Death penalty: Global abolition closer than ever as record number of countries vote to end executions

After a record number of UN member states today supported at the final vote a key UN General Assembly resolution calling for a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty, Amnesty International’s Death Penalty Expert Chiara Sangiorgio said:

“The fact that more countries than ever before have voted to end executions shows that global abolition of the death penalty is becoming an inevitable reality. A death penalty-free world is closer than ever.

“This vote sends yet another important signal that more and more countries are willing to take steps to end this cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment once and for all.

“The result also shows the increasing isolation of the 35 countries that voted against the resolution. Those countries still retaining the death penalty should immediately establish a moratorium on executions as a first step towards full abolition.”


121 of the UN’s 193 member states voted in favour of the seventh resolution on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty at the UNGA plenary session in New York, while 35 voted against and 32 abstained. 117 had done so in December 2016. This resolution was proposed by Brazil on behalf of an Inter-Regional Task Force of member states and co-sponsored by 83 states.

For the first time, Dominica, Libya, Malaysia and Pakistan changed their vote to support the resolution, while Antigua and Barbuda, Guyana and South Sudan moved from opposition to abstention. Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Mauritius, Niger, and Rwanda once again voted in favour of the call for a moratorium on executions, having not done so in 2016.

Five countries reversed their 2016 votes, with Nauru moving from vote in favour to vote against and Bahrain and Zimbabwe switching from abstention to opposition. Congo and Guinea changed from voting in favour to abstention.

When the UN was founded in 1945 only eight of the then 51 UN member states had abolished the death penalty. Today, 103 of 193 member states have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, and 139 have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. In 2017 executions were reported in 22 UN member states, 11% of the total. Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception. – Amnesty International, 17/12/2018

Asia-Pacific Countries – Death Penalty Status, Population, etc

ASIA-PACIFIC COUNTRIES – Death Penalty Abolition Status


Eastern Asia

              China (1,367,820,000) **

China, Hong Kong SAR (7,298,600)**

China, Macao SAR (644.900)

China Tibet (3,002,000)   


               Japan (126,920,000) **

               Korea (North) (25,000,000 )

Korea (South) (50,800,000 ) **

Mongolia (3,061,000 )**

Taiwan (23,526,000 ) ** 


Northern Asia


Russian Federation (146,544,000)


South-Central Asia


Afghanistan (26,556,000 )  **         

               Bangladesh (158,226,710 )  **        

Bhutan (760,000)

India (1,326,000,000) **   

               Iran (78,226,000)         

Kazakhstan (17,713,300 )

Kyrgyzstan (5,895,000 )

Maldives (341,000)                       

Nepal    (31,000,000)   **

Pakistan (188,144,000 ) **

Sri Lanka (21,203,000 )  **

Tajikistan (8,352,000 )

Turkmenistan     (5,400,000 )

Uzbekistan          (31,000,000 )


South-East Asia


Brunei Darussalam * (417,200 )                

Cambodia * (14,676,591)

Indonesia * (258,705,000)     **      

Lao PDR * (7,000,000)

Malaysia * (31,660,000)     **          

Myanmar (Burma) * (51,419,000)

Philippines * (100,981,000)    **     

  Singapore * (5,535,000)    **           

               Thailand * (67,959,000)     **          

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Vietnam * (90,730,000)  **             


Western Asia and Middle East


Armenia (3,000,000)

Azerbaijan (9,705,600)

Bahrain (1,234,000 )      

Cyprus (848,300)

Georgia (3,729,000)

Iraq (36,000,000 )           

Israel (8,522,000 )

Jordan (6,297,000)        

               Kuwait (3,695,000 )       

               Lebanon (4,460,000 )    

               Oman    (4,469,500 )       

               Palestinian territories (4,293,000 )           

               Qatar (2,597,000 )          

               Saudi Arabia (31,770,000 )          

               Syria (24,044,000 )         

Turkey (78,741,000)

United Arab Emirates (8,264,070 )

               Yemen (26,000,000 )      



Australia (23,792,000)    **

Papua New Guinea (8,219,000)   **

New Zealand (4,579,000)**

Fiji (867,000)

Solomon Islands (587,000)

Vanuatu (278,000)

New Caledonia (France) [273,000]

French Polynesia (France) [273,000]

Samoa (193,000)

Guam (US) (162,000)       

Kiribati (113,000)

Tonga (104,000)  **

Federated States of Micronesia (103,000)

Marshall Islands (55,000)

American Samoa (US) [55,000]   

Northern Mariana Islands (US) [47,000]   

Palau [17,000]

Cook Islands (NZ) [15,000]

Wallis and Futuna (France) [12,000]

Tuvalu   [11,000]

Nauru [10,000 ]

Norfolk Island (Australia) [3,000]

Niue (NZ) [2,000]

Tokelau (NZ) [1,000]

Pitcairn Islands (UK) [60]



RED BOLD – Retentionist Countries

BLUE  – Abolitionist Countries in Practice – RISK of return of DP

GOLD – US is a Retentionist Country – as such the status here is questionable?




1985      AUSTRALIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1989      CAMBODIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1993      HONG KONG abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1997      NEPAL abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1999      EAST TIMOR, TURKMENISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2002      TURKEY abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. CYPRUS abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2003      ARMENIA abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes

2004      BHUTAN, SAMOA and TURKEY abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2006      PHILIPPINES abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2007      KYRGYZSTAN abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes.

2008      UZBEKISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2015      FIJI abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2016      NAURU abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1 July 2017 MONGOLIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.


*may not be comprehensive, some positive developments may have inadvertently left out

See also earlier post about information about Asia-Pacific countries that are abolitionist in law, abolitionist in practice and retentionist countries –


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