Asia-Pacific Countries – Death Penalty Status, Population, etc

ASIA-PACIFIC COUNTRIES – Death Penalty Abolition Status

ASIA

Eastern Asia

              China (1,367,820,000) **

China, Hong Kong SAR (7,298,600)**

China, Macao SAR (644.900)

China Tibet (3,002,000)   

              

               Japan (126,920,000) **

               Korea (North) (25,000,000 )

Korea (South) (50,800,000 ) **

Mongolia (3,061,000 )**

Taiwan (23,526,000 ) ** 

 

Northern Asia

 

Russian Federation (146,544,000)

 

South-Central Asia

 

Afghanistan (26,556,000 )  **         

               Bangladesh (158,226,710 )  **        

Bhutan (760,000)

India (1,326,000,000) **   

               Iran (78,226,000)         

Kazakhstan (17,713,300 )

Kyrgyzstan (5,895,000 )

Maldives (341,000)                       

Nepal    (31,000,000)   **

Pakistan (188,144,000 ) **

Sri Lanka (21,203,000 )  **

Tajikistan (8,352,000 )

Turkmenistan     (5,400,000 )

Uzbekistan          (31,000,000 )

 

South-East Asia

 

Brunei Darussalam * (417,200 )                

Cambodia * (14,676,591)

Indonesia * (258,705,000)     **      

Lao PDR * (7,000,000)

Malaysia * (31,660,000)     **          

Myanmar (Burma) * (51,419,000)

Philippines * (100,981,000)    **     

  Singapore * (5,535,000)    **           

               Thailand * (67,959,000)     **          

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Vietnam * (90,730,000)  **             

 

Western Asia and Middle East

 

Armenia (3,000,000)

Azerbaijan (9,705,600)

Bahrain (1,234,000 )      

Cyprus (848,300)

Georgia (3,729,000)

Iraq (36,000,000 )           

Israel (8,522,000 )

Jordan (6,297,000)        

               Kuwait (3,695,000 )       

               Lebanon (4,460,000 )    

               Oman    (4,469,500 )       

               Palestinian territories (4,293,000 )           

               Qatar (2,597,000 )          

               Saudi Arabia (31,770,000 )          

               Syria (24,044,000 )         

Turkey (78,741,000)

United Arab Emirates (8,264,070 )

               Yemen (26,000,000 )      

 

PACIFIC

Australia (23,792,000)    **

Papua New Guinea (8,219,000)   **

New Zealand (4,579,000)**

Fiji (867,000)

Solomon Islands (587,000)

Vanuatu (278,000)

New Caledonia (France) [273,000]

French Polynesia (France) [273,000]

Samoa (193,000)

Guam (US) (162,000)       

Kiribati (113,000)

Tonga (104,000)  **

Federated States of Micronesia (103,000)

Marshall Islands (55,000)

American Samoa (US) [55,000]   

Northern Mariana Islands (US) [47,000]   

Palau [17,000]

Cook Islands (NZ) [15,000]

Wallis and Futuna (France) [12,000]

Tuvalu   [11,000]

Nauru [10,000 ]

Norfolk Island (Australia) [3,000]

Niue (NZ) [2,000]

Tokelau (NZ) [1,000]

Pitcairn Islands (UK) [60]

 

Key:-

RED BOLD – Retentionist Countries

BLUE  – Abolitionist Countries in Practice – RISK of return of DP

GOLD – US is a Retentionist Country – as such the status here is questionable?

 

 

KEY POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS IN ASIA –PACIFIC

1985      AUSTRALIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1989      CAMBODIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1993      HONG KONG abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1997      NEPAL abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1999      EAST TIMOR, TURKMENISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2002      TURKEY abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. CYPRUS abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2003      ARMENIA abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes

2004      BHUTAN, SAMOA and TURKEY abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2006      PHILIPPINES abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2007      KYRGYZSTAN abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes.

2008      UZBEKISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2015      FIJI abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2016      NAURU abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1 July 2017 MONGOLIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

 

*may not be comprehensive, some positive developments may have inadvertently left out

See also earlier post about information about Asia-Pacific countries that are abolitionist in law, abolitionist in practice and retentionist countries –

 

ADPAN URGES JAPAN FEDERATION OF BAR ASSOCIATION(JFBA) MEMBERS TO TAKE A STRONG CLEAR STANCE FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY

adpan_logo_cmyk_small4.jpg 

Media Statement – 5/10/2016

ADPAN URGES JAPAN FEDERATION OF BAR ASSOCIATION(JFBA) MEMBERS TO TAKE A STRONG CLEAR STANCE FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY

ADPAN (The Anti Death Penalty Asia-Pacific Network)  is pleased that members of the Japan Federation of Bar Associations, whose membership includes 37,000 lawyers and hundreds of other legal professionals,  will be voting for the abolition of the death penalty at their Annual General Meeting on 7/10/2016 (The Japan Times and The Guardian, 21/9/2016). We hope that this Resolution and/or Declaration will be approved with an overwhelming majority, if not unanimously.

The Malaysian Bar, whose membership now is about 17,000 practicing lawyers in Peninsular Malaysia, adopted a Resolution in March 2006 at its Annual General Meeting calling for the abolition of the death penalty, and for a moratorium on execution pending abolition. Since then, resolutions for the abolition of the death penalty have been tabled and adopted by the Malaysian Bar over the years re-affirming its membership’s commitment towards the abolition of the death penalty.

A resolution of a Bar Associations, adopted by its membership, is a very powerful statement which demonstrates clearly that it is not just the Bar, but that its members are  also  clearly for the abolition of the death penalty.

This JFBA resolution and/or declaration of members will be a strong statement to the Japanese Government, now led by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who has sadly executed about 16 persons since 2012. There are presently about 124 inmates on death row in Japan.

The risk of miscarriage of justice, and innocent people being executed became a major concern since 2014 after Iwao Hakamada was released having spent more than 45 years on death row. He had been  sentenced to hang in 1968 for the murders two years earlier of a company president, his wife and their two children. The presiding judge, Hiroaki Murayama, when releasing Hakamada in 2014 also had this to say, “There is a possibility that [key pieces of] evidence have been fabricated by investigative bodies.

ADPAN  calls on  the Japanese government to heed the call of JFBA and its members , and  abolish the death penalty.

ADPAN also hopes that Bar associations, civil society organisations, political parties, trade unions and groups  in Asia-Pacific nation states will also pass similar resolutions at General Meetings calling for the abolition of the death penalty.

Charles Hector

Fifa Rahman

 

For and on behalf of ADPAN

 

 

The Anti-Death Penalty Asia Network (ADPAN) is a regional network of organization and individual members committed to working for the abolition of the death penalty in Asia-Pacific

Website: https://adpan.org/aboutus/

Email: contactadpan@gmail.com

Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/ADPANetwork

Twitter: @adpanetwork

 

 

Mongolia is officially free from the death penalty

It is to our great relief that Mongolia has now officially abolished the death penalty all together.

Mongolia’s lawmakers voted in favour of a new Criminal Code that abolishes the death penalty for all crimes when it comes into effect in September next year.

read the stories on the long road to death penalty abolition in Mongolia here.