Asia-Pacific Countries

State of Abolition in the Asia-Pacific Region

ABOLITIONIST FOR ALL CRIMES (17 countries)
Countries whose laws do not provide for the death penalty for any crime

Australia
Bhutan
Cambodia
Cook Islands
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Micronesia
Nepal
New Zealand
Niue
Palau
Philippines
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Timor-Leste
Tuvalu
Vanuatu

ABOLITIONIST FOR ORDINARY CRIMES ONLY (1 country)
Countries whose laws provide for the death penalty only for exceptional crimes such as crimes under military law or crimes committed in exceptional circumstances

Fiji

ABOLITIONIST IN PRACTICE (10 countries)
Countries which retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes such as murder but are considered abolitionist in practice in that there has either been a commitment not to carry out executions and/or there have been no executions during the past 10 years.

 The list includes countries which have made an international commitment not to use the death penalty by becoming a State Party to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) aiming at the abolition of the death penalty

Brunei
Laos
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nauru
Papua New Guinea
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Tonga

RETENTIONIST (13)
Countries which retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes

Afghanistan
Bangladesh
China[1]
India
Indonesia
Japan
North Korea
Malaysia
Pakistan
Singapore
Taiwan
Thailand
Viet Nam

Of the 41 countries in Asia and the Pacific, 13 are retentionist, 1 is abolitionist for ordinary crimes, 10 are abolitionist in practice, 17 are abolitionist for all crimes and 28 have abolished the death penalty in law and /or practice.


[1] The two Special Administrative Regions of China: Hong Kong and Macau, have separate criminal law and justice systems and are abolitionist for all crimes.