Asia-Pacific Countries – Death Penalty Status, Population, etc

ASIA-PACIFIC COUNTRIES – Death Penalty Abolition Status

ASIA

Eastern Asia

              China (1,367,820,000) **

China, Hong Kong SAR (7,298,600)**

China, Macao SAR (644.900)

China Tibet (3,002,000)   

              

               Japan (126,920,000) **

               Korea (North) (25,000,000 )

Korea (South) (50,800,000 ) **

Mongolia (3,061,000 )**

Taiwan (23,526,000 ) ** 

 

Northern Asia

 

Russian Federation (146,544,000)

 

South-Central Asia

 

Afghanistan (26,556,000 )  **         

               Bangladesh (158,226,710 )  **        

Bhutan (760,000)

India (1,326,000,000) **   

               Iran (78,226,000)         

Kazakhstan (17,713,300 )

Kyrgyzstan (5,895,000 )

Maldives (341,000)                       

Nepal    (31,000,000)   **

Pakistan (188,144,000 ) **

Sri Lanka (21,203,000 )  **

Tajikistan (8,352,000 )

Turkmenistan     (5,400,000 )

Uzbekistan          (31,000,000 )

 

South-East Asia

 

Brunei Darussalam * (417,200 )                

Cambodia * (14,676,591)

Indonesia * (258,705,000)     **      

Lao PDR * (7,000,000)

Malaysia * (31,660,000)     **          

Myanmar (Burma) * (51,419,000)

Philippines * (100,981,000)    **     

  Singapore * (5,535,000)    **           

               Thailand * (67,959,000)     **          

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Vietnam * (90,730,000)  **             

 

Western Asia and Middle East

 

Armenia (3,000,000)

Azerbaijan (9,705,600)

Bahrain (1,234,000 )      

Cyprus (848,300)

Georgia (3,729,000)

Iraq (36,000,000 )           

Israel (8,522,000 )

Jordan (6,297,000)        

               Kuwait (3,695,000 )       

               Lebanon (4,460,000 )    

               Oman    (4,469,500 )       

               Palestinian territories (4,293,000 )           

               Qatar (2,597,000 )          

               Saudi Arabia (31,770,000 )          

               Syria (24,044,000 )         

Turkey (78,741,000)

United Arab Emirates (8,264,070 )

               Yemen (26,000,000 )      

 

PACIFIC

Australia (23,792,000)    **

Papua New Guinea (8,219,000)   **

New Zealand (4,579,000)**

Fiji (867,000)

Solomon Islands (587,000)

Vanuatu (278,000)

New Caledonia (France) [273,000]

French Polynesia (France) [273,000]

Samoa (193,000)

Guam (US) (162,000)       

Kiribati (113,000)

Tonga (104,000)  **

Federated States of Micronesia (103,000)

Marshall Islands (55,000)

American Samoa (US) [55,000]   

Northern Mariana Islands (US) [47,000]   

Palau [17,000]

Cook Islands (NZ) [15,000]

Wallis and Futuna (France) [12,000]

Tuvalu   [11,000]

Nauru [10,000 ]

Norfolk Island (Australia) [3,000]

Niue (NZ) [2,000]

Tokelau (NZ) [1,000]

Pitcairn Islands (UK) [60]

 

Key:-

RED BOLD – Retentionist Countries

BLUE  – Abolitionist Countries in Practice – RISK of return of DP

GOLD – US is a Retentionist Country – as such the status here is questionable?

 

 

KEY POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS IN ASIA –PACIFIC

1985      AUSTRALIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1989      CAMBODIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1993      HONG KONG abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1997      NEPAL abolished the death penalty for all crimes

1999      EAST TIMOR, TURKMENISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2002      TURKEY abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. CYPRUS abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2003      ARMENIA abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes

2004      BHUTAN, SAMOA and TURKEY abolished the death penalty for all crimes

2006      PHILIPPINES abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2007      KYRGYZSTAN abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes.

2008      UZBEKISTAN abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2015      FIJI abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

2016      NAURU abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

1 July 2017 MONGOLIA abolished the death penalty for all crimes.

 

*may not be comprehensive, some positive developments may have inadvertently left out

See also earlier post about information about Asia-Pacific countries that are abolitionist in law, abolitionist in practice and retentionist countries –

 

“Abolition of the Death Penalty in Malaysia and in Asia” Malaysia National Conference (21-22 July 2017) – Day 1

“Abolition of the Death Penalty in Malaysia and in Asia”

Malaysia National Conference and Training Workshop

KL & Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

21 – 22 July 2017

Opening

Welcome Address by Charles Hector (ADPAN)

Welcome Address by Raphaël Chenuil-Hazan, Executive Director, Ensemble Contre La Peine de Mort (ECPM) ECPM(3 min)

Keynote Address by Tan Sri Razali Ismail (Chairperson of the Malaysian Human Rights Commission (SUHAKAM)

 

Session 1: Death Penalty in Asia – An Overview

Facilitator – Arthur Wilson

Speaker:- Julian McMahon (President, Reprieve Australia – ADPAN Member)

session 1 overview asia

Session 2:- Death Penalty in Malaysia – An Overview

Facilitator :- Ngeow Chow Ying

Speaker:- Andrew Khoo (Malaysian Bar)

session 2 malaysia overview

Session 3: Catholic Church and Death Penalty in Malaysia

 Facilitator: Mr Francis Pereira

Speaker:- Rev Fr Gregory Chan (Catholic Church)

session 3 catholic church and DP

Session 4: Death Penalty and the ‘Best Interest of the Child’ and Family

To discusses the impact of death penalty on family especially children, as well as the inconsistency with the UN Child Rights Convention and other standards

Facilitator: Rachel Zeng

Speakers:-

1-James Nayagam (Child Rights Activist, and Former HR Commissioner)

2- Kasthuri A/P Krishnan (Association of Women Lawyers)

session 4 childrightsbsession 4 child rightsa

Session 5: Death Penalty – Migrants  and Foreign Nationals

To discuss the various issues surrounding foreign nationals in facing death penalty, from arrest to conviction and beyond

 

Facilitator – Puri Kencana Putri

Speakers:-

M Ramachelvam  (Chairman of the Bar Council’s Migrants, Refugees and Immigration Affairs Committee)

Wilnor Papa (Amnesty International Philippines)

 

Session 6: Death Penalty & ‘Secret’ Executions

To discuss the recent executions in Malaysia, its secrecy and the last minute information of executions preventing effective intervention

Facilitator:- Altantuya Batdorj

Speaker:- Shamini Darshni (Amnesty International Malaysia)

 

  • More of Day 1 and Day 2 of this national conference that was attended by over 100 participants will be in our next postings.
  • We also hope to share the various presentations in this Website

ADPAN – Urgent Appeal call by Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders on the arbitrary arrest of Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan by Malaysia

See earlier related post:-

MALAYSIA – ADPAN Executive Committee Member, Adilur Rahman Khan, detained by Immigration at KLIA Airport

Malaysia: Arbitrary arrest of Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan

20/07/2017
Urgent Appeal

Human Rights Defenders
  • Malaysia

MYS 001 / 0717 / OBS 083
Arbitrary arrest /Harassment
Malaysia

 
July 20, 2017

 

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH, requests your URGENT intervention in the following situation in Malaysia.

 

Brief description of the information:

 

The Observatory has been informed with great concern about the arbitrary arrest in Kuala Lumpur of Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan, Secretary of the human rights non-governmental organisation [1], also a member of OMCT General Assembly and FIDH Vice-President.

 

According to the information received, on July 20, 2017, at about 4.00 am, Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan was detained by immigration officers upon his arrival at Kuala Lumpur International Airport. No reason was given for his detention.

 

Mr. Rahman Khan was travelling to Malaysia to attend the National Conference on Death Penalty organised by the Anti-Death Penalty Asia Network (ADPAN) from July 21 to 22, 2017 in Kuala Lumpur.

 

The Observatory strongly condemns Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan’s arbitrary arrest, and calls upon the Malaysian authorities to release him immediately and unconditionally, as well as to guarantee in all circumstances his physical and psychological integrity.

 

Actions requested:

 

Please write to the authorities in Malaysia, urging them to:

 

i. Guarantee, in all circumstances, the physical and psychological integrity of Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan, as well as of all human rights defenders in Malaysia;

 

ii. Release Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan immediately and unconditionally as his detention is arbitrary since it only aims at sanctioning his human rights activities;

 

iii. Put an end to any kind of harassment – including at the judicial level – against Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan as well as all human rights defenders in Malaysia;

 

iv. Ensure in all circumstances that all human rights defenders in Malaysia are able to carry out their legitimate activities without any hindrance and fear of reprisals;

 

v. Conform with the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 9, 1998, especially its Articles 1 and 12.2;

 

vi. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with international human rights standards and international instruments ratified by Malaysia.

 

Addresses:

· Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia, Fax: +60 3 8888 3444, Email: ppm@pmo.gov.my

· Mr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, Minister of Home Affairs of Malaysia, Fax: +60 3 8889 1613 / +60 3 8889 1610, Email: ahmadzahid@moha.gov.my
 

· Attorney General of Malaysia, Tan Sri Mohamed Apandi Ali, Fax: +603 8890 5670 Email: pro@agc.gov.my
 

· Tan Sri Razali Bin Ismail, Chairman of the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM), Fax: +60 3 2612 5620, Email: humanrights@suhakam.org.my;

· H.E. Mr. Amran Mohamed Zin, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Malaysia to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. Fax: +41 22 710 75 01, Email: malgeneva@kln.gov.my

· Embassy of Malaysia in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: +32 2 762 50 49, Email: malbrussels@kln.gov.my

Please also write to the diplomatic missions or embassies of Malaysia in your respective country as well as to the EU diplomatic missions or embassies in Malaysia.

***
Geneva-Paris, July 20, 2017

 

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH. The objective of this programme is to intervene to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. OMCT and FIDH are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.